Project Description

Students learn about sensing robotics as they assemble and code robots capable of sensing and reacting to their surroundings. They will experiment with different sensors—touch, reflectance, ultrasonic, and infrared. After integrating sensors, students will develop coding skills by progamming the robot to solve challenges focused on object detection and avoidance, as well as line following. They will incorporate motions and light into the robot’s reactions.

Teen girl working on laptop

Key Concepts

Introduction to robots and robot design; introduction to foundational sensors (ultrasonic, reflectance, touch, infrared); integration of sensor data and motor programming to solve specific problems; intermediate algorithm development; robotics coding challenges.

Students Take Home

Interactive, sensing robot, with remote control.

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) support for middle-school learners:

Performance Expectations Arrangement(s):

MS-PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

MS-PS3: Energy

Performance Expectations

MS-PS2-2: Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.

MS-PS3-5: Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.